.css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. Kalimantan is one of the few places on earth where orangutans live in their natural habitat. (Source: Thomas Fuhrmann [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons.) As of 2014, Borneo had a total population of around 21.3 million inhabitants. The island of Borneo in the Pacific Ocean is part of Southeast Asia. Indonesian President Joko Widodo announced that the country will relocate its capital from the mega-metropolis Jakarta to a new city on the island of Borneo Kalimantan is also a hotspot for forest fires. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Jakarta, the fastest-sinking city in the world, Changing places: Why countries decide to move their capitals, Indonesia's planning minister announces capital city move. The city is surrounded by rainforest and is home to many wildlife conservation organizations. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Pontianak has a strong transport network that connects it to other Indonesian cities as well as some Malaysian cities. Below is a list of the largest cities in Borneo. Read about our approach to external linking. JAKARTA — Indonesia’s proposed new capital city on the island of Borneo will be built in just five years and without the need to raze any protected rainforest, a government official claims. In Brunei, the capital is Bandar Seri Begawan. The city is home to a diversity of ethnic groups like the Malay, Chinese, and Dayak peoples. How the pandemic has changed the world economy, The paper that helped the homeless. The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta. Lonely Planet Writer. Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Sabah etc.... North Borneo is/was a British Protectorate but is now called Sabah. The … Video, A man who invited the world over for dinner, PM talks to Biden in first call since inauguration, Minister who promoted 'Covid syrup' tests positive, Larry King, veteran talk show host, dies aged 87, Star Wars supports host Arielle after racist abuse, Scientists play down 'more deadly variant' claim, Changing places: Why countries decide to move capitals, suffering its worst annual fire season since 2015. These people have contributed to the rich culture of this city. Most of the largest urban centers of Borneo are located along its coasts. It serves as the capital of the West Kalimantan province of Indonesia. It has a population of 617,886 individuals. There is concern from environmental groups about endangered species in the area. Several houses in the city are built on stilts. Indonesia to build a new capital city in Borneo jungle . Waterways snake through the city in many areas. Balikpapan is a seaport city with two harbors. Despite being the largest city in Borneo and the fourth largest city in Malaysia, Kuching is surprisingly clean, peaceful, and relaxed. However, exactly where on Borneo the capital city will be moved is yet to be determined. It is politically divided between the countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. The rainforests of Borneo are one of the few places where Bornean Orangutans still live in their natural setting. The world’s largest residential palace, Istana Nurul Iman, is located here. The paper that helped the homeless. Located on the island of Java, Jakarta was formerly called Batavia, its name during the Dutch colonial period. Jakarta, the fastest-sinking city in the world, Long watch: Is this Russian cult leader a fraud? Indonesia ‘s President Joko Widodo has announced that the country’s capital would be moved to an area in its East Kalimantan province on … 3 September 2019. Indonesia is relocating its capital city from Jakarta to East Kalimantan, a province on the island of Borneo. "The government must make sure that the new capital is not built in a conservation or protected area," said Greenpeace Indonesia campaigner Jasmine Putri. What happens to your body in extreme heat? Borneo is an island. In a televised speech, Mr Widodo said: "The location is very strategic - it's in the centre of Indonesia and close to urban areas. Kuching is located on the banks of the Sarawak River where it occupies an area of 431 square km. It contains three countries: Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei. Borneo is the 3rd largest Island in the world and is divided in 4 regions, each belonging to a different nation. It is also served by the Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport. Indonesia is planning to move its administrative headquarters from its richest island of Java to the forest island of Borneo. As the capital city of Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan is home to important government buildings, official residences, and ministries of the national government. In the early 20th century, Dutch East Indies government attempted to relocate the capital from Batavia to Bandung. Borneo’s third biggest city, Kuching, is located in the … It is part of the Indonesian East Kalimantan province and is located on the island’s east coast. The Sabilal Muhtadin Mosque is one of the major landmarks of Banjarmasin. The idea of moving the capital has been around for over 50 years or more. .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Long watch: Is this Russian cult leader a fraud? Matt Phillips. Each of these regions has a different capital, It has a population of around 727,500 individuals and an area of 718 square km. President Joko Widodo announced Monday that officials had chosen an area in East Kalimantan province, on the island of Borneo, for the as-yet-unnamed capital. The island is Which Countries Share the Island of Borneo? East Kalimantan on Borneo could be Indonesia's new capital The Government is seeking a new location for the capital due to problems in Jakarta The city has pollution issues and is prone to blackouts and earthquakes The current capital, Jakarta, home to more than 10 million people, sits on swampy land. Pontianak is the fifth largest city in Borneo. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Indonesia's capital city is to be relocated to the province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, President Joko Widodo has said. Long watch: Is this Russian cult leader a fraud? Indonesia's capital city is to be relocated to the province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, President Joko Widodo has said. Parts of the city are sinking by as much as 25cm (10in) a year and almost half now sits below sea level. Very large text size Jakarta: Indonesian President Joko Widodo has ended months of speculation and finally revealed the country's national capital will move to a newly constructed city on the island of Borneo. Indonesia is not the first country to change its capital. NPR's Mary Louise Kelly talks with conservation scientist Erik Meijaard about why Jakarta is sinking and the plan to move Indonesia's capital to Borneo — where a whole new set of problems awaits. Kuching, the capital of Sarawak, is moderately hot, but very humid at times and receives substantial rainfall. The city is located on a delta island near the confluence of two rivers, the Martapura, and the Barito. The city is also famous as a hub of gem trading. "The burden Jakarta is holding right now is too heavy as the centre of governance, business, finance, trade and services.". Mr. Widodo says that the current plan has been studied … According to Act Number 10 of 1964 (Undang-Undang Nomor 10 Tahun 1964), the current capital of Indonesia is Jakarta. First Chinese gold miner rescued after two weeks, In pictures: Defiant Russians rally for opposition, How India calculates value of women's housework, The man who invited the world over for dinner. With parts of Jakarta sinking 10cm per year, and some four metres in total since records have been kept, the risk of continued flooding has led the president of Indonesia to announce that a new capital city will … During Indonesia's struggle for independence, the government of Indon… Located on the banks of the Mahakam River, Samarinda is the most populous city in Borneo. In Malaysia, there is Sabah; the capital being Kota Kinabalu. (CNN) — A jungle-covered area on the east of Borneo island is set to be transformed into Indonesia's new capital city. The new capital city will be built in the East Kalimantan area of Borneo as a smart city filled with autonomous electric cars and drone taxis, and could be completed by 2030. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Video. Most of the country's wealth is concentrated in Jakarta and many Indonesians living outside Java - the island Jakarta sits on - have long complained about being forgotten. A deepwater port and the Syamsudin Noor Airport serves Banjarmasin. Small rowboats are often used to move through these waterways. © 2021 BBC. It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. The city is a major gateway for travelers to other parts of Borneo and is also noted as a major food destination. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. Jakarta is soon to become an ex-capital city. Indonesia is currently suffering its worst annual fire season since 2015. Indonesia’s president, Joko Widodo has announced the national capital will move from Jakarta, on the island of Java, to the province of East Kalimantan, on Borneo. The capital city will be located in Borneo's East Kalimantan region. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. Indonesian President Joko Widodo (center) says the new capital city will be in East Kalimantan province on the island of Borneo. With a population of 557,579 individuals, Balikpapan is Borneo’s third most populated city. Yakutsk, Russia – The World’s Coldest City, 10 Of The Most Notorious Serial Killers In The World. Brazil, Pakistan and Nigeria have all changed their capital cities. The second biggest city in Borneo, Banjarmasin is part of the South Kalimantan province of Indonesia. Indonesia makes plans to move capital city to Borneo By Beth Stolicker February 1, 2018 Indonesia (MNN) – Indonesia is crawling forward with plans to move its capital city from Jakarta on the island of Java, to the island of *Borneo. There are many tourist attractions in and around the city like the Kuching Cat Museum, The Astana, Kuching Wetlands National Park, Bako National Park, etc. .css-1ty7601-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-align-items:center;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;width:100%;font-size:1rem;line-height:1.375rem;}.css-ftbx47-Heading{width:100%;}Asia's 'El Chapo' arrested in Amsterdam.css-2nuv1h-Rank{font-size:1.5rem;line-height:1.75rem;font-weight:normal;padding-left:0.75rem;color:#B80000;}@media (min-width:37.5rem){.css-2nuv1h-Rank{font-size:2rem;line-height:2.25rem;}}1, A man who invited the world over for dinner2, PM talks to Biden in first call since inauguration3, In pictures: Defiant Russians rally for opposition4, Minister who promoted 'Covid syrup' tests positive5, Larry King, veteran talk show host, dies aged 876, Star Wars supports host Arielle after racist abuse7, The homeless addict who became a history professor8, Scientists play down 'more deadly variant' claim9. The city of Kuching is the capital of the Malaysian state of Sarawak and the usual entry point into Borneo for travelers coming from mainland Malaysia. VideoLong watch: Is this Russian cult leader a fraud? No name was given for the capital's planned replacement. The ambitious project will cost 466tn rupiah ($32.79bn; £26.73bn) but Jakarta traffic snarl-ups alone cost the economy 100tn rupiah a year, the planning minister says. Kuching. Borneo, island in the extreme southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean. Kuching is the wettest populated area (on average) in Malaysia with an average of 247 rainy days per year. Borneo consists of Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia. The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur. The transport and communication sector are the primary economic sectors of the city’s economy. Plans to kick off the construction of Indonesia’s new capital city in Borneo have been put on hold pending the country’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a top official says. He added that the new location was at "minimal" risk of natural disasters. Go Scuba Diving. Australia believes Tse Chi Lop's syndicate controls up to 70% of narcotics entering the country. The new city will straddle two relatively undeveloped regions, Kutai Kertanegara and Penajam Paser Utara. Borneo’s third biggest city, Kuching, is located in the Malaysian state of Sarawak where it is the most populous city. It is the capital of East Kalimantan, a province of Indonesia. VideoThe paper that helped the homeless, The homeless addict who became a history professor, The deadly ingredient smuggled onto US menus, Viewpoint: Africa no longer needs lectures from the US, Tunisians question whether life is better after Arab Spring. There has been a huge programme to decentralise government for the last two decades in a bid to give greater political power and financial resources to municipalities. 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